Comparison Between Egyptian and Aztec Crafts
|Criteria||Egyptian Crafts||Aztec Crafts|
|Characteristics||Symbolic elements were widely used and strict laws governing the use of these symbols were applied. Artists were ranked according to exact implementation of these laws|
Crafts reflects a knowledge of human and animal anatomy
|Aztec art was actually very lifelike. Many of their statues of people, as well as animals, look amazingly realistic, showing age, and a great deal of expression.|
|Pottery||The invention of the potter wheel permitted the development of accurate vessels, used mainly for religious purposes||Aztec pottery used coil and slab techniques which involved layering strips of clay.|
It was used in all kinds of domestic purposes, such as household items, clay earrings and masks
|Statues and Ushabti||- Colossal scale sculpture became the most important symbol of divinity in Egypt
- Ushabti figurines were widely spread as funerary goods in all Egyptian tombs starting from the Middle Kingdom onwards
|Small miniature Teotihuacan figurines of idols and gods, carved into in black and golden obsidian stone|
|Obelisks||Cosmic symbols of the solar god Ra, placed in pairs in front of temples entrances and served to magically protect holy buildings
||The Aztec sun stone or Aztec calendar stone is a large monolithic sculpture, measuring 3.6
meters in diameter,
1.22 meters in thickness and weighing 24 tones,|
It is a symbolic portrayal of the four disasters that led to the demise of the four prior Universes in Aztec cosmology. It also contains a hieroglyphic and pictographic layout of how the Aztecs measured time, and was primarily a religious and cosmological artifact.
|Sphinxes||Guardians placed in temples, beside pyramids and served to protect holy buildings
||The Olmecs, echo Egypt's finest sculptures. Olmec artists carved large man-jaguar warriors that are similar to the Egyptian sphinxes showing lions with the heads of gods or kings.|
|Sarcophagi||The most important object of royal tombs in Egypt was the sarcophagus. It's purpose was the protection of the body||Aztec children were buried under the houses and in grave yards. However adult burials were rare, most bodies were cremated and their remains stored in pots.|
|Jewelry||Egyptians loved ornamentation, which was designed and crafted with great care, and served for decoration as well as the magical protection such as amulets
It was used by all social classes, and materials varied from expensive gold, glass, precious stones, to cheap clay and limestone for the poor classes.
|Aztec jewelry was owned by the upper classes only, common people were allowed own any jewelry|
It was essential for emperors to wear necklaces and earrings which were considered symbols of power.
Expensive materials were used such as copper, gold and silver and obsidian stones
|Masks||Golden funerary masks were used to cover the face of mummies. An example, is the famous funerary mask of Tutankhamen||Colorful mosaic masks were made as a tribute to various gods to be used in rituals and ceremonies. They were often made for display, not to be worn, that's why most masks had no eye-holes.|